History of Trevi Fountain

About the History of Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain is not only an architectural masterpiece but also a cultural and historical symbol of Rome. This magnificent fountain is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy, drawing millions of visitors each year. It is located in the Trevi district of Rome and is considered the largest Baroque fountain in the city. The fountain is made of travertine stone and depicts the sea god Neptune riding a chariot pulled by two sea horses. On either side of Neptune are two tritons, one trying to master a wild sea horse, and the other leading a more docile one. The fountain's intricate design is adorned with various sculptures and reliefs that depict different myths and legends, making it a feast for the eyes and the imagination.

One of the most famous traditions associated with the Trevi Fountain is the act of throwing a coin into the fountain. It is said that throwing a coin into the fountain with your right hand over your left shoulder will guarantee your return to Rome. Moreover, tossing two coins is said to ensure a new romance, and three coins guarantee marriage or divorce. This tradition has become a part of the fountain's charm, and visitors from all over the world eagerly take part in it.

History of Trevi Fountain

Ancient Roman History

The history of Trevi Fountain dates back to ancient Roman times when the Aqua Virgo, a natural spring that supplied water to the city, was situated in the area. The spring was named after a young girl who guided Roman soldiers to its location during a drought. Emperor Augustus restored the Aqua Virgo in 19 BC, and it remained functional until the decline of the Roman Empire. The district of Trevi derived its name from the convergence of three roads at the Aqua Virgo site, becoming a significant hub of commerce and culture in the Middle Ages.

Renaissance and Baroque Periods

During the Renaissance and Baroque periods, the Trevi Fountain fell into disrepair and was used as a dumping ground for garbage. It was not until the 18th century that Pope Clement XII decided to rebuild the fountain and turn it into the magnificent work of art that we see today. The pope held a competition to design the new fountain, and the winning design was submitted by the architect Nicola Salvi. Salvi's design featured a central figure of Neptune, the Roman god of the sea, flanked by two tritons. The fountain was completed in 1762, long after Salvi's death, by the sculptor Pietro Bracci. Today, the Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous and beloved fountains in the world, and it continues to be an iconic symbol of Rome's rich history and cultural heritage.

Modern Era & Restoration

Over the years, the Trevi Fountain has undergone various restoration efforts aimed at preserving its beauty and historical significance. In 1989, a significant restoration project, sponsored by the Italian fashion house Fendi, took two years to complete. During this process, the fountain was drained and thoroughly cleaned, while the sculptures received meticulous repairs and restoration. Subsequently, in 2014, another restoration took place, with the addition of new LED lighting that illuminates the fountain at night. This particular restoration was generously funded by the Italian luxury jewelry brand Bulgari.

Today, the Trevi Fountain remains a prominent tourist attraction, filling the people of Rome with pride and serving as a testament to the city's rich cultural heritage and artistic legacy. Its history showcases the dedication of preserving its grandeur, ensuring that future generations can continue to marvel at its magnificence.

Construction of Trevi Fountain

The construction of Trevi Fountain is a testament to the artistic and engineering achievements of the Baroque period. The fountain is located at the junction of three roads in Rome's historic center, where the Aqua Virgo aqueduct originally ended. The History of Trevi Fountain construction dates back to 1730 when Pope Clement XII commissioned the architect Nicola Salvi to create a new design for the fountain, which was in a state of disrepair at the time.

Salvi's design was inspired by the theme of the sea, which is evident in the central figure of Neptune, flanked by two tritons. The fountain is also decorated with an array of other mythological figures and creatures, including seashells, dolphins, and horses. Construction of the fountain began in 1732 and took over 30 years to complete, due in part to Salvi's death in 1751, which left the project unfinished.

After Salvi's death, the responsibility for completing the fountain fell to the sculptor Pietro Bracci. Bracci worked on the fountain until its completion in 1762. During the construction process, the fountain underwent several changes, including the addition of the Palazzo Poli, which was built to provide a backdrop for the fountain's grandeur.

Today, the Trevi Fountain remains one of the most iconic works of art in the world, and it stands as a testament to the History of Trevi Fountain, showcasing the ingenuity and creativity of the artists and architects who brought it to life. Its construction and design continue to inspire visitors and scholars alike, and it remains a symbol of Rome's rich cultural heritage and artistic legacy.

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When was the Trevi Fountain constructed?

The Trevi Fountain was constructed between 1732 and 1762, during the Baroque period.

Who designed the Trevi Fountain?

The Trevi Fountain was designed by the architect Nicola Salvi, who was commissioned by Pope Clement XII in 1730.

What is the inspiration behind the Trevi Fountain's design?

The Trevi Fountain's design is inspired by the theme of the sea, with the central figure of Neptune flanked by two tritons, and other mythological figures and creatures such as seashells, dolphins, and horses.

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What is the significance of the Trevi Fountain in Rome's history?

The Trevi Fountain is a significant work of art and engineering, representing the ingenuity and creativity of the artists and architects of the Baroque period. It is also a symbol of Rome's rich cultural heritage and artistic legacy.

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What is the legend associated with the Trevi Fountain?

According to legend, if you throw a coin over your left shoulder into the Trevi Fountain, you will ensure a return visit to Rome. This tradition has become a popular ritual for tourists visiting the fountain.

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Has the Trevi Fountain undergone any restoration work?

Yes, the Trevi Fountain has undergone several restoration projects over the years, the most recent of which was completed in 2015. These restoration projects are necessary to preserve the fountain's historical and artistic significance for future generations.

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How has the Trevi Fountain influenced art and architecture?

The Trevi Fountain has had a significant influence on art and architecture, particularly during the Baroque period. Its grandeur and intricate design continue to inspire artists and architects around the world, and it remains a symbol of the creativity and ingenuity of the human spirit.

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