Near the Colosseum are two undiscovered gems of Rome: the Basilica from the 12th century and the antiquity of San Clemente. Explore the three underground levels of this amazing place and be amazed as you discover its more than 2,000-year history on St. Clement Basilica Tour. It wasn't until 1860 that the Basilica's basement levels were found. This area might still be unknown today if it weren't for a flood that occurred in that year, which led an Irish Dominican Roman Catholic priest and an archaeologist to uncover it. Even though the excavations are not yet complete, you can travel 100 feet underground.
A fourth-century basilica can be found on the lower level. It had been abandoned for a very long time until the basilica that now stands above it was constructed. A historic Mithraic temple with an altar is located further down. Learn about the historical relics that most tourists to Rome overlook—those that are buried beneath St. Clement's Basilica. Explore ancient pagan temples, St. Clement's first-century residence, a fourth-century basilica with unique paintings, as well as an underground river, by following your guide three levels below ground. Finish your St. Clement Basilica Tour with a visit to the above-ground basilica from the 12th century, which is renowned for its stunning mosaics.
Even if you have no idea what lies beneath, a trip to the contemporary basilica is a fantastic addition to your travel plans to Rome. Today, visitors on St. Clement Basilica Tour will witness examples of both because it was initially built in the Romanesque style and afterwards refurbished in the Baroque style. The floor is a stunning illustration of the Cosmatesque style, which gained popularity in the 12th century and is composed of vibrant geometric patterns in marble. On St. Clement Basilica Tour one can also view a wood and gold ceiling that is ornamented with geometric shapes and symbols by looking up. Carlo Stefano Fontana created it in the 18th century. The apse, which features letters and symbols in dazzling gold mosaics, and the Schola Cantorum, the choir section defined by a lovely set of marble panels covered in gold leaf, are two noteworthy features.
In this section, the 11th century, a wealthy family funded the second-largest collection of early Medieval murals in Rome. There are other frescoes as well, some of which date back as far as the sixth century, although the majority of them depict the life and miracles of Saint Clement. You can observe that some of the frescoes contain conversation if you look closely on a St. Clement Basilica Tour. The first writing in early Italian vernacular is found on one of them. Italian was once referred to as "volgare," which means "belonging to the common people," while Latin was still the empire's official language.
One more flight of stairs on St. Clement Basilica Tour will bring you to the ruins of a third-century temple, which are housed in a maze-like arrangement of chambers from a second-century home. During this time, males in Rome began to follow Mithras, a Persian god who had become popular. An altar made of marble that resembles a sarcophagus and shows Mithras killing a bull is located in the temple's main chamber. Stone benches surround the altar, where worshipers would have sat throughout the rituals.
Checkout: History of St. Clement Basilica
Location: Via Labicana, 95, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
Timings: 9:45am - 5:30 pm
Best Time To Visit
The best time to visit the St. Clement Basilica Tour is in the month of April to September when the weather is pleasant. It is advisable to take the tour early in the morning so that you can enjoy it without any rush and crowd.
By Metro: Visitors can board a metro from Line B from Ottaviano to Pietro Station which takes 22 minutes. The basilica is 10 minutes walk away from the metro station.
By Tram: The tram will drop you at Piazza del Risorgimento, which will take 48 minutes and 6 minutes away from the Basilica.
By Bus: The nearest bus stand is Cavalleggeri/S. Pietro which can be reached by hopping buses number 40, 64, 32, 81, 982,492 or 990. The bus will take approximately 30 minutes to drop you at the drop off point from where you can cover the distance by walking.
What to do on the Clement Basilica tour?
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Why is St Clement Basilica special?
The St Clement Basilica holds a special place in the history of Chiristanity as this church witnesses the beginning of this religion till the middle ages. The basilica is dedicated to Pope Clement I which has an amazing architecture.
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When was St Clement basilica built?
Saint Clement's Basilica, which was constructed in the 12th century directly on top of an older church, is a superb example of Medieval architecture, art, spirituality, and symbolism.
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How to reach St Clement basilica?
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