Temple of Venus and Roma

About the Temple of Venus and Roma

The Temple of Venus and Roma is an ancient Roman temple located in the heart of Rome, Italy. Constructed during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD, it stands as a remarkable testament to the architectural and artistic achievements of the Roman Empire. This grandiose temple was dedicated to the goddesses Venus Felix (Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune) and Roma Aeterna (Eternal Rome), representing the divine aspects of love and the eternal city.

The Temple of Venus and Roma was an imposing structure, showcasing the magnificence and power of the Roman Empire. It was the largest temple ever built in Rome, covering a vast area of approximately 145 meters in length and 100 meters in width. The temple's double cella, or sanctuary, housed separate cult statues of Venus and Roma, emphasizing the importance and significance of both goddesses in Roman society. The architecture of the temple combined elements of the traditional Roman temple design with innovative features introduced by Hadrian. The façade boasted an impressive flight of steps leading to a grand entrance, adorned with ornate columns and intricate reliefs. The interior featured lavish decorations, including marble statues, colourful mosaics, and elaborate frescoes, all of which celebrated the divine and imperial connections of Venus and Roma.

Explore the Temple of Venus and Roma

Historical Significance

The Temple of Venus and Roma, located in the Roman Forum, holds immense historical significance as one of the largest and most magnificent temples ever constructed in ancient Rome. Built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century CE, it was dedicated to both the goddess Venus, the symbol of love and beauty, and the city of Rome itself.

Architectural Marvel

The temple's grandeur is unparalleled, featuring a unique design with two separate cellae, or inner chambers, for each deity. The massive structure spans over 110 meters in length and is adorned with magnificent Corinthian columns, showcasing the architectural prowess of the Romans. The sheer size and complexity of the temple's design make it a true marvel of ancient engineering.

Iconic Facade

The facade of the Temple of Venus and Roma is a sight to behold. The intricate reliefs and decorative elements depict scenes from Roman mythology, including the birth of Venus and the foundation of Rome. The ornate friezes and statues add a sense of grandeur, inviting visitors to admire the artistic craftsmanship of the era.

Venus, the Goddess of Love

One of the temple's primary deities, Venus, was highly revered in ancient Rome. The inner chamber dedicated to her housed a colossal statue of the goddess, representing her beauty and grace. Pilgrims and worshippers would visit the temple to pay homage to Venus, seeking her blessings for love, fertility, and prosperity

Roma, Personification of the City

The temple's dedication to Roma, the personification of the city of Rome, highlights the Romans' deep sense of civic pride. The cella dedicated to Roma celebrated the magnificence and power of the Eternal City. It was a symbol of Rome's imperial might and its status as the center of the ancient world.

Cultural and Political Symbolism

The Temple of Venus and Roma served as a significant cultural and political symbol during the Roman Empire. It showcased the empire's religious devotion and reinforced the connection between the goddess Venus, the protector of Rome, and the city itself. The temple's construction aimed to consolidate the empire's power and enhance the prestige of Rome.

Devotional Practices

The temple was a focal point for religious ceremonies and festivals dedicated to Venus and Roma. The Romans would gather to offer sacrifices, make prayers, and seek divine favor from the deities. These rituals played a vital role in strengthening the bond between the people, the city, and the gods they worshipped.

Destruction and Restoration

Over the centuries, the Temple of Venus and Roma suffered from fires, earthquakes, and pillaging. Despite the damage inflicted during various periods, the temple underwent multiple restorations and reconstructions. It's enduring spirit and cultural significance prompted efforts to preserve and restore this remarkable ancient structure.

Tourist Attraction

Today, the Temple of Venus and Roma stands as a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world to admire its architectural splendor and historical significance. Exploring the temple allows visitors to immerse themselves in the ancient Roman world and gain insight into the city's rich heritage, religious practices, and architectural achievements.

Know Before You Go

Essential Information
How To Reach

Location: The Forum of Nerva, also known as the Foro di Nerva, is an ancient Roman forum located in Rome, Italy. It is situated in the central part of Rome, near the Roman Forum and the Capitoline Hill. The Forum of Nerva is an archaeological site that showcases the remains of the forum and offers insights into the ancient Roman civilization.

Opening Hours: The site is open to visitors throughout the year, typically from early morning to evening. However, it is advisable to check the specific opening and closing times before planning a visit.

Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit the Forum of Nerva is during weekdays when the site is less crowded, allowing for a more serene experience.

Metro: Take Line B of the Rome Metro and get off at the Colosseo station. From there, it's a short walk to the Temple of Venus and Roma.

Bus: Several bus lines have stops near the Colosseum, which is close to the Temple of Venus and Roma. Check the local bus schedules and routes to find a bus that stops in the vicinity. Consult a map or ask locals for assistance in locating the nearest bus stop.

Taxi: Taxis are widely available in Rome. Hail a taxi or visit a designated taxi stand and inform the driver that you wish to go to the Temple of Venus and Roma. They will drop you off at the entrance of the site.

Walking: If you are in the historic center of Rome, you can reach the Temple of Venus and Roma on foot. The site is located near the Colosseum, making it easily accessible by walking.


When was the Temple of Venus and Roma built?

The Temple of Venus and Roma was constructed between 121-135 CE during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. It was dedicated to the goddess Venus and the personification of the city of Rome, Roma.

Where is the Temple of Venus and Roma located?

The temple is situated in Rome, Italy, on the Velian Hill, near the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. Its strategic placement reflects the importance of Venus and Roma in Roman religious and civic life.

What is the significance of the Temple of Venus and Roma?

The Temple of Venus and Roma holds great cultural and religious significance. It symbolized the unity of Rome and Venus, representing both the spiritual and civic aspects of the Roman Empire. The temple showcased the importance of Venus as the mother of Aeneas, the legendary founder of Rome, and Roma as the embodiment of the city itself.

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How was the Temple of Venus and Roma designed?

The temple was an impressive architectural feat, known for its grandeur and size. It had two separate cellae (inner chambers) dedicated to Venus and Roma, with a common entrance and shared portico. The building featured a massive colonnade and impressive Corinthian columns, demonstrating the Romans' skill in blending Greek and Roman architectural elements.

What is the current state of the Temple of Venus and Roma?

Over time, the Temple of Venus and Roma suffered damage from earthquakes, fires, and plundering. It underwent several reconstructions and restorations throughout history. While the original structure no longer stands, some fragments and ruins can still be seen today. The temple's remains provide valuable insights into Roman architecture and religious practices and are a captivating sight for visitors exploring the ancient city of Rome.

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