Marcello Theater

About Marcello Theater

Built in the latter years of the , the Marcello Theatre is a historic open-air theatre in Rome. Dramatic and musical performances were presented at the Theatre of Marcellus for both residents and guests in its early years. Its historic structure, which is still one of Rome's numerous well-liked attractions for visitors, is located in the neighbourhood of Sant'Angelo. The theatre offers the visitors a view of its archways and tiers, laid out in a semi circle. The upper level of the Marcello Theatre is said to have been supported by Corinthian columns, but this is uncertain because the top tier of seats and the columns were removed during the Middle Ages' reconstruction of the building. It included windows that allowed viewers to observe the surrounding environment, in this instance the Tiber Island to the southwest, like other Roman theatres in appropriate sites. Visit the theatre and learn more about the history and culture of Rome with several places to see such as the Cavea and the Scaena. Today the theatre is used as a backdrop for several concerts that are held on the grounds in front of it.

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Elements of Marcello Theater

The outside

The Marcello Theatre facade was shaped like a curve. It was ornamented with three groups of travertine columns in the ionic and doric orders.the lower level’s arch keys had large masks that symbolise the vocation of the theatre as a space for several performances. Although the theatre's outside has been damaged by the passage of time, it is still simple to enjoy and appreciate. A gate currently guards the area, and admission is free during the day. A short, well-kept path takes visitors right up to the theatre.

The Cavea

Although the public cannot access Marcello Theatre interior, archaeologists provided an excellent description. The Marcellus theatre's Cavea (also known as the seating area) has a semi-circular design that was typical of Greek and Roman theatres; its walls are made of tufa rock, and its seats are made of marble. Archaeologists discovered sculptures that indicated plasterwork would have been used to embellish the storage area underneath the chairs.

The arena and the scaena

As per archaeologists, The Scaena and the arena, which would have been in front of the river, would have been a majestic sight to grab everyone’s attention. The scene may have included colourful marble columns and a robust apse to shield the theatre from future river floods, according to archaeological discoveries. A velario would have covered the theatre, and 36 bronze vases would have been added to improve the acoustics.

History Of Marcello Theater

Campo Marzio, an area of Rome that has historically been devoted to theatrical performances, is where the Theatre of Marcellus is located. According to historical records, this theatre was a part of the Apollo temple in 179 AD (Temple of Apollo Sosiano, some of its columns are still visible). The Marcellus theatre, as it is today, was built in the first century AD. In the first century BC, Julius Caesar initiated the project and prepared the region, demolishing old structures as necessary.

As per archaeologists, the construction of the theatre was finished in 17 BC and was dedicated to Augustus' nephew Marcus Claudius Marcellus. Archaeologists discovered evidence of renovation work by Vespasian and Severus Alexander (III century), which led them to believe the theatre was respected and frequently visited.

The Marcello Theatre continued to be used for representation until the IV century. The Pierleoni and Fabi families turned the theatre throughout the Middle Ages into a kind of castle, taking advantage of its location only slightly above the river. The residential component of the complex, which is still visible today, was erected by Baldassare Peruzzi in the year 500 (the XVI century). It was initially owned by the Savelli family and then by the Orsini family. From the Middle Ages onward, archaeologists and historians believe a complete community with businesses housed next to the theatres' arches and a confusing network of streets, piazzas, and even churches formed around it. In the 1930s, Rome's city government purchased the theatre's older, lower section.

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Plan Your Visit To Marcello theater

Essential Information

Location - Via del Teatro di Marcello, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Timing - Open 24 hours

  • How To ReachBy Bus: The bus lines 23, 30, 46, 63, 81, 83, 85, 87 and 280 H go to Piazza Venezia and they stop at Teatro Marcello / Ara Coeli.By Walking: You can reach the Marcello theatre from the nearby places such as Piazza Venezia, Circus Maximus and Jewish Ghetto.

Best Time To VisitThe best time to visit the theatre is during the spring season, because of the pleasant weather, offering you a perfect time and environment to explore and learn about the history of the attraction.

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  • Marcello theatre was built in the 1st century and it was taken as a model for building the Roman amphitheatre.
  • Marcello theatre was covered by velario and it had a capacity of around 15000-20000 seats.
  • The theatre has 3 elements, The Outside, Caeva and the arena & Scaeva.
  • The theatre was originally a massive structure with a diameter of 130 metres and around 10 floors.
  • The Bellona temple and the temple of Apollo are great structures to understand the significance of religious structures near the places of entertainment.

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Who built the Theatre of Marcellus?

Julius Caesar started construction of the Theatre of Marcellus at Rome, which Augustus finished around 13 BC. The Marcellus theatre was dedicated to the nephew of Augustus, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who died in Baia in 27 BC.

Why was the Marcello theatre built?

Caesar wanted to construct a theatre as a show of might against Pompey, whom he recently defeated to gain control over Rome. The construction of the theatre was started by Julius Caesar and was later completed by Augustus.

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What Was The Theatre Of Marcellus Made of?

The Marcello Theatre was entirely covered in white travertine and constructed primarily of tuff and concrete with stones arranged in an opus reticulatum design. It is also the earliest building in Rome that can be identified by its use of burnt Roman brick, which was later introduced by the Greeks.

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How to Get to the Theatre of Marcellus?

  • By Bus: The bus lines 23, 30, 46, 63, 81, 83, 85, 87 and 280 H go to Piazza Venezia and they stop at Teatro Marcello / Ara Coeli
  • By Walking: You can reach the Marcello theatre from the nearby places such as Piazza Venezia, Circus Maximus and Jewish Ghetto

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Where Is The theatre Of Marcellus Located?

The theatre of Marcellus is located at Via del Teatro di Marcello, 00186 Roma RM, Italy. It can be easily accessed with the use of public transports and private vehicles.

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